How to Have Well-aligned Teeth

July 27, 2021by Minish Dental

Causes of gaps between teeth and treatment

What if you have gaps between teeth?

May is the time when the number of outdoor activities increases as the weather gets warmer. With the recent outdoor trend, various camping items have been introduced to people. The most crucial part of camping is the preparation process to pack one’s camping bags efficiently. The quality of camping mostly depends on how much camping equipment we can bring.

Recently, I thought of our “teeth” when I thought about camping and the number of equipment we can bring in camping bags. Our oral arrangement varies depending on the space in the jawbone, size, and number of teeth. If the space within our jawbone and the condition of our teeth do not get along, your teeth may be out of alignment. Many people visit their dentists because of the gaps between their teeth. Today, we will tell you the causes and ways to treat the gaps between teeth.


Gaps between teeth, why?

People who are subconscious of their gaps between teeth develop habits of covering their mouths when talking or laughing. In addition, the gaps between teeth cause various inconveniences in real life, including problems with pronunciation. 

So what causes the gaps between teeth? Well, they can be classified into internal and external causes.

1. Innate Causes

The size difference between jawbone and teeth


The first main cause of gaps between teeth is the size difference between jawbone and teeth. Simply put, assuming that there is a 14cm frame, and if the frame must be filled with 14 blocks, the size of the block must be uniform at 1cm to fit correctly within the frame. But if the blocks are small or gone missing, there may be gaps between these blocks. The same rule applies to our teeth. If the teeth are missing or smaller than the jawbone, there will be a space in the arrangement.

Overdevelopment of frenulum labii maxillaris


The second cause is the ‘overdevelopment of frenulum labii maxillaris’. If the frenulum labii maxillaris (a band-shaped wrinkle in the inner part of the upper lip) is overly developed, the gums form wrinkles between the teeth and eventually, the teeth cannot stay in place. In this case, part of the frenulum labii maxillaris must be removed to find the alignment of teeth.

2. External causes

Dental Malocclusion


The first main external cause is dental malocclusion. Intersection refers to the intersection of the upper and lower teeth. Usually, it is considered an ideal intersection if the top teeth slightly cover the lower teeth. If you continue to apply forces in a wrong way or grind your teeth continuously, your teeth may get pushed sideways, creating gaps.

Gum disease


The second cause is gum disease. There are differences in the degree among people, but your teeth and gums also age as you get older. Our gums hold the teeth tightly in the beginning, but once they go through the aging process or dental trauma, our teeth may start moving or shaking. In this case, the fundamental cause of gum disease should be removed through gum treatment first. However, you should be careful not to miss the time window for treatment because gum treatment does not improve your gum condition easily or instantly.

Real cases – gaps between teeth

Some people complain of various inconveniences in their daily lives with the gaps between their teeth. They sometimes have to cover their mouths due to insecurities or even take selfies out in public.


On top of the orthodontic treatment, the overdevelopment of frenulum labii maxillaris and gum disease must be dealt with at the same time, which could be limiting factors in correcting the gaps between teeth. Also, the treatment can narrow down the gap between teeth with braces (as shown above), but it may not improve the shape of the teeth in patients with square teeth.

Treatment method for open teeth

1. Orthodontic treatment


Orthodontic treatment may help adjust the gaps, but it comes with disadvantages such as longer treatment periods and the patients must be putting on braces continuously during the treatment periods. 

On top of the orthodontic treatment, the overdevelopment of frenulum labii maxillaris and gum disease must be dealt with at the same time, which could be limiting factors in correcting the gaps between teeth. Also, the treatment can narrow down the gap between teeth with braces (as shown above), but it may not improve the shape of the teeth in patients with square teeth.

2. Resin Treatment


It is a treatment that fills open spaces using resin, a material widely used for such treatment. We repeat the process of hardening by adding resin little by little, and because open spaces can be treated quickly by using dental fillings, the treatment can be done within a day on your first visit and the price of the treatment is affordable to most people.

However, during the filling and hardening process with heat, tooth cracks may appear in the treated area, and due to the nature of the material, there is a disadvantage of receiving another treatment again within just a few years due to the risk of tooth discoloration or the elimination of resin.

3. Crowns

If your teeth require extensive full-scale treatment, we may proceed with crown treatment. Crown treatment is a stronger and more stable treatment than resin treatment, which is applied and hardened in a way that completely covers gaps between your teeth. However, it should be considered that the tooth molding process may lead to errors, unnecessary tooth deletion to secure more space for prosthodontics and that the damaged tooth surface (enamel) cannot be regenerated.

4. Porcelain Veneer treatment

Porcelain Veneers treatment, widely known as aesthetic therapy, can also improve the gaps between teeth. The thin porcelain veneer on the front teeth is made as wide as the original teeth to fill in the gaps. You can improve the shape and color of your teeth at the same time while filling the gaps.

However, your teeth can be deleted at an appropriate level to secure more space for porcelain veneers, and the veneers are easily susceptible to damage.

5. Minish Treatment

Minish treatment is a treatment that restores the teeth and gums that are problematic to match the shape and characteristics of each tooth with the most similar material to natural teeth without unnecessary tooth deletion. The patients who visit the hospital to maintain natural teeth, reduce the time and psychological burden of dental treatment, and change the facial features usually choose Minish treatment.

Elimination of frenulum labii maxillaris

Teeth 6

First, the left and right gum lines that were not symmetrical at first are now in alignment. The periodontal sac, which can be the habitat of bacteria between teeth and gums, was removed to eliminate the source of gum disease. The overdeveloped frenulum labii maxillaris, which was the main cause of the gaps between teeth, is now partially removed and sealed up to make it look shorter.

Minish Treatment

Teeth 5

We filled in all the spaces to form natural-looking teeth. We avoided damaging the natural teeth or utilizing prosthodontics. Instead, we filled in the enamel part with Minish treatment to restore and protect natural teeth at the same time. The broken teeth right next to the left front teeth have also been recovered, improving the overall shape of every tooth.

In conclusion…

Have you experienced any discomfort today, such as problems with pronouncing words due to the gaps between teeth? By choosing the right treatment, you can easily recover your lost confidence and find your smile within a short period at Minish Hospital.

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© Minish Dental Hospital 2021. All rights reserved.

© Minish Dental Hospital 2021. All rights reserved.